Friday, March 14, 2014

Unveiled notes from tonight ... 3/14/14

Lesson taught by Will
Notes also by Will
1st Chronicles
 1 Chronology: Seth-Abr.; k. Edom11 David made king; city & men of D.21 Census, against God's plan
 2 Family of Israel12 Army expanded; Army at Hebron22 David prepares for the temple
 3 Family of David, Solomon, et al13 Ark moved from Kirjath Jearim23 Levite families
 4 Family of Judah14 David in Jerusalem; Philist. defeat.24 Priest families
 5 Families: Reuben, Gad, Manass.15 Ark taken to Jerusalem25 Musicians
 6 Family of Levi; musicians; Aaron16 Ark in tabernacle; D's song; worship26 Gatekeepers; Levites, et al
 7 Family of Issachar17 Covenant with David27 Military and civil leaders
 8 Fam. of Benjamin, Ephriam et al18 More conquests; administration28 Solomon to build temple
 9 Israel recorded; those in Jerusalem19 Messengers embarrassed; war29 Offering; praise; Solomon k
10 Death of Saul and sons20 Rabbah taken; giants--
2nd Chronicles
 1 Solomon granted wisdom13 Abijah king, Judah against Jerebo.25 Amaziah partly good
 2 Preparation to build temple14 Asa King of Judah did right26 Uzziah, punished by leprosy
 3 Temple built15 Reform of Asa27 Jotham, good king
 4 Articles to furnish temple16 Asa rejects prophet and the Lord28 Ahaz, as bad kings of Israel
 5 Ark brought to temple17 Jehoshaphat is faithful29 Hezekiah purifies temple
 6 Blessing; dedication prayer18 J. helps Ahab who dies in battle30 Passover celebrated by Hezekiah
 7 Dedication; Lord appears19 J. reproved; appoints judges31 Contributions for priests
 8 Slaves; married daughter of Ph.20 Lord fights battle & J. apostatizes32 Threat to Jerus. of Sennacherib
 9 Queen of Sheba, death of Sol.21 Jehoram king Judah; kills bros.33 Manesseh did evil, and repented
10 Israel rebels against Rehoboam22 Ahaziah wicked; Athaliah& Joash34 Josiah; reformation; book of law
11 Defenses of Judah, priests come23 Joash installed by priest Jeohiada35 Passover celebrated; death
12 Jerusalem attacked24 Joash repairs temple; turns evil36 Final kings, Jerusalem dest; Cyrus
Author:  The Book of 1 Chronicles does not specifically name its author. The tradition is that 1 and 2 Chronicles were written by Ezra.

Date of Writing:  The Book of 1 Chronicles was likely written between 450 and 425 B.C.

The last event spoken of in the final verses of II Chronicles is the decree of the Persian King Cyrus that authorizes the Jews to return to Judah. This decree is dated in 538 B.C. and its mention leaves the impression that Chronicles was composed shortly after its issue. However, the last person mentioned in I and II Chronicles is Anani, representing the eighth generation from King Jehoiakim (see I Chron. 3:24). Jehoiakim was deported to Babylon in 597 B.C. Depending of how these generations are calculated (approximately 25 years), the birth of Anani had taken place in some time between the years 425 and 400 B.C. Thus I and II Chronicles can be dated between 425 and 400 B.C.

Purpose of Writing: The Books of 1 & 2 Chronicles cover mostly the same information as 1 & 2 Samuel and 1 & 2 Kings. 1 & 2 Chronicles focus more on the priestly aspect of the time period. The Book of 1 Chronicles was written after the exile to help those returning to Israel understand how to worship God. The history focused on the Southern Kingdom, the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi. These tribes tended to be more faithful to God.The Book of 2 Chronicles is essentially an evaluation of the nation's religious history.

The book in its entirety can be divided into four great sections. First Chronicles offers genealogies (chapt. 1-9) and follows the kingdom of David. Second Chronicles continues the story referring to the kingdom of Solomon (Chaps. 1-9) and speaks of the kingdom of the twenty monarchs of Judah (Chaps. 10-36).

Differences With Samuel and Kings: (HBH) While Chronicles shows a dependence on the books of Samuel and Kings, there are remarkable differences in content and theological perspective.

Chronicles was not written to supplement these former works, nor was it simply a rewriting. These books offer a fresh interpretation of Israel's monarchy. Samuel and Kings addressed the exilic community and explained why Israel's monarchy failed. Chronicles addressed the restored community and explained that GOD still had a purpose for Israel. Chronicles was written from a priestly perspective, whereas Samuel and Kings were written from a prophetic perspective.
Chronicles attempts a comprehensive history, beginning with Adam, but Samuel and Kings are limited to the time of the monarchy. In the Book of Kings, Judah still awaits release from captivity, but Chronicles ends with the decree of Cyrus anticipating Judah's return.
Chronicles features David and the kings of Judah and avoids commenting on the Northern Kingdom. Even the reign of Saul is treated as a preamble to David's accession. Chronicles tells the positive contributions of David and Solomon and omits unflattering events in their reigns.
The palace is center stage in Samuel and Kings, but the temple is central in Chronicles. For the Chronicler the lasting contribution of the kings was religious. Samuel and Kings condemn sin and urge repentance, but Chronicles encourages the faithful to make a new start.


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